Social Development and Community Resilience Domain

This domain is the umbrella of all social programs and projects. In line with the thematic premises it provides us with strategic directions for innovating, designing, implementing and monitoring the social development programs and projects. 

Goal of Social Development and Climate Resilience Domain:

Social development and community empowerment through capacity & confidence building, right to resources and services and making climate resilient.  

Under this domain we facilitate programs/projects on education, health, social development and climate resilience, social protection, violence against women, access to justice, peace building, social cohesion, inclusion of excluded population, disability and development, elderly people, women and youth leadership development and many more. We also prioritize empowering the youth with leadership capabilities, life skills and with occupational skills.  All mentioned programs and projects maintain functional relation with the overarching social development domain for reaching WAVE’s mission. 

Strategies of the Social Development and Community Resilience Domain:

Empower people with the capacities of social cohesion, leadership, mobilization, negotiation, adaptation and protection for attaining desired change in community and social lives.  

Programs and Projects under this Domain

Community Development Program

Today Bangladesh stands at a vital crossroads in its development path making remarkable attainments in many of the development indicators despite being susceptible to the worst effect of climate change. At the national level, the frequency of disasters in Bangladesh has resulted in significant increases in expenditure and reduction of revenue. At the local level, exposure to recurrent disasters and repeated economic loss suffered by the most vulnerable people is directly contributing to the persistence of pockets of extreme poverty. In the traditionally disaster-prone areas of the country, 44 percent of households have been affected by disasters more than once, and development outcomes in health, education, and access to electricity lag behind. The people living in these areas are not moving out of poverty but are held back by the recurring need to rebuild and recover. Therefore, building the resilience of the communities demands particular attention.  In common usage resilience typically relates to the ability of systems (and people) to effectively respond and adapt to changing circumstances and to develop skills, capacities, behaviors and actions to deal with adversity – ‘resilience’ can be described as a process of adaptation before, during and after an adverse event. The definition recognizes that resilience can be observed and strengthened at various level; individual, household, community, local government, national government and global level also. This program intends to enhance the ability of the targeted communities exposed to disasters, crises and underlying vulnerabilities to anticipate, prepare for, reduce the impact of, cope with and recover from the effects of shocks and stresses without compromising their long-term prospects by making the proper utilization of their available resources. WAVE currently implements six projects under this program as stated below;
ENRICH is a program conducted at the grassroots level focusing for overall household development of the poor. The program targets poor families, working with them to enhance and maximize the utilization of their resources and skills. ENRICH aims to alleviate poverty not only through income generation but through a holistic approach targeting other crucial aspects of human life including health, education, youth development, community development, etc. This is a people-driven integrated development persuit aiming at accelerating sustainable development. It also helps and creates mechanism for them to work with relevant institutions and larger communities for effectively preparing for responses to natural disasters and put in place a new and effective method of GO-NGO collaboration for development from below. WAVE implements the project in Jibonnagar & Damurhuda Upazilla in Chuadanga district and SingairUpazilla in Manikgonj district with its own fund and support from PKSF.
Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh has formulated a policy titled ‘National Elderly People/Senior Citizen Policy 2013’ to ensure a dignified, poverty-free, sound and secure social life for the elderly citizens of our country. To that end, Palli Karma-Sahayak Foundation-PKSF has designed a project named ‘Elderly People’s Program’ to implement through its partner NGOs. The initiatives under this project are; establishing social centre for the senior citizens; introducing and providing old allowance; bestowing honour to the senior citizen as the best service providers of the nation; introducing special credit and training for ultra-poor senior citizen; initiating geriatric nursing facilities and organizing training for developing Para-Physiotherapist and provide special social service package for the senior citizens. WAVE Foundation implements this project in 07 Unions of ENRICH working area & Darsana Pourashava under Jibonnagar & Damurhuda Upazilla in Chuadanga district and Singair Upazilla in Manikgonj district with its own fund and support of PKSF.
The Cultural & Sports Program aims to foster the development of physical & mental health of the children & adolescent through involving them in cultural & sports interventions at the school and college level. For achieving the program goal & objectives, the initiatives under this program are: Reciting national anthem with correct accent; Facilitate different interventions focusing cultural  like: debate, drama, easy competition, folk song, patriotic song etc.; facilitate different interventions focusing sports like: traditional sports, cycling, boat racing, ha-do-do, women football, handball and volleyball etc. WAVE implements the program in 04 upazillas under Chuadanga district with its own fund and support from PKSF.
WAVE operates fellowship program for interested Youth under International Professional Exchange Project supported by FK Norway. FK Norway facilitates the exchange of members and employees between businesses and organizations in Norway and countries in Africa, Asia and Latin-America. The project creates scope to share knowledge and competence between people in various countries and cultures through innovative, collaboration and mutual goals. From this exchange program, participants attain required knowledge, skill and leadership and replicate the learning back home. WAVE implements this project in a coordinated/collaborative partnership approach between WAVE Foundation & DHAN Foundation, India. The key exchange sharing areas are: technical & management aspect of Black Bengal Goat-BBG farming for DHAN professionals as well technical & management aspect of Farmers Producer Organization-FPO for WAVE professionals.
The LoakMorcha project aims to build capacity of the organized citizen groups so that they can raise voice to the local service (health, education, agriculture, social safety net and protect & prevent violence against women) delivery institutions & local administration; facilitating lobbing, dialogue, sharing meetings, public hearing, social audit etc. by the organized citizen groups to increase the access of mass community in mentioned GoB services and to increase the responsiveness of the local government, local level GoB service delivery institutions & local administration towards pro-people services. For achieving the program goal & objectives, the project intervenes the formation & awareness of ward level 57 Community Groups; capacity building training for Union Parishad Representatives; functioning of relevant Union Standing Committees); formation and capacity building of 22 People’s Alliances (LoakMorcha) and mobilize them to undertaking advocacy initiatives towards responsive public services; conducting social audit and sharing findings with the respective GoB service providers & local administration; National level policy advocacy on field findings etc. WAVE implements the project in 19 Unions of Jibonnagar & Singair Upazillas in Chuadanga and Manikgonj district with its own fund and support from PKSF.
The Adolescent Program aims to enhance awareness and exercise values by the targeted adolescent; leadership and life skill development; improvement of nutrition and health services and advancement of sports and cultural activities. To foster the development of targeted adolescent girls & boys the project intervenes the Club and Forum formation; organize workshop on menstrual health management including sanitary napkin distribution;  organize nutrition camps and ideal cooking exercise; facilitate training on leadership and career development; organize debate & sports competition;  undertake social action to combat the violence against women, child marriage, forced marriages, dowry etc.; organize campaign against drug, corruption and terrorism etc. WAVE implements the project in 10 Upazillas in Chuadanga and Kushtia district with its own fund and support from PKSF.

Right to Food & Nutrition Campaign

The major objective of Right to Food Campaign is to share experiences of civil societies’ movements and strengthening contact with all concerned organizations, institutions, partners & networks and ensure right to food and nutritional security for all the people of the country. It aims to promote investment in agriculture and food systems by accelerating coherent and transparent policies, laws and regulations based on equitable, inclusive, and gender sensitive governance structures in the context of Bangladesh. Right to Food Bangladesh is conducting Right to Food Campaign and undertaking multifaceted activities to accelerate the ‘Legal Framework on Right to Food’ and other relevant issues by engaging different entities with its perspectives and strategies while WAVE Foundation has been playing the facilitating role.

Renewable Energy Program

In the era of climate change and rapid environmental degradation, renewable energy in Bangladesh is reverbed for its ability to reduce the annual growth rate of GHG emissions from the fossil fuel-based power generation by exploiting Bangladesh’s renewable energy resources for electricity generation. Renewable energy in Bangladesh refers to the use of renewable energy to generate electricity in Bangladesh. The current renewable energy comes from biogas that is originated from biomass, hydro power, solar and wind. Bangladesh has a success story in developing off-grid rooftop solar power known as solar home system (SHS) which has given electricity to a large number of people living in rather remote off-grid areas and who would not have electricity otherwise. More than four million SHS installed domestically have uplifted the lifestyle of these impoverished people by providing small-scale power at their homes. But in the context of national power demand and generation, the contribution of SMS is tiny, a mere 250 megawatt, which is only two percent of the total power generation capacity in the country. In fact, in the solar industry worldwide, large-scale solar power generation essentially means on-grid solar (grid-connected). According to the government plan, renewable sources should provide about 10 percent of the total power generation capacity by 2021, meaning 2400MW power generation from renewable sources. Development Organizations along with private sector is playing the complementary role in the development of this sustainable and pro-people source of energy. WAVE’s Renewable Energy Program constitutes of the following components: Solar Irrigation Systems, Solar Home systems, Biogas & Bio Fertilizer, Improve Cooking Stove and others.
The overall objective of the project is to develop and disseminate domestic biogas in rural areas with the ultimate goal to establish a sustainable and commercial biogas sector in Bangladesh. It aims to reduction of workload of women, improvement in health and sanitation condition, increase agriculture production with proper utilization of slurry, employment generation, saving of conventional fuel sources such as firewood, agriculture residues and dries dung cake and reduction in green-house gas emission. IDCOL supports the project implementation in Chuadanga district.
Now-a-days electricity is the right of the people. Our state is committed to provide electricity for all people and in every home. For promoting the green economy and natural conservation, WAVE is promoting solar power program emphasizing the people who are living in off grid area of the country. Major program interventions are Solar Home System (SHS), irrigation and small industry. WAVE Foundation implements the project through partnering with IDCOL.
The World Health Organization has estimated that 46,000 women and children die each year in Bangladesh as a direct result of exposure to indoor air pollution, while millions more suffer from respiratory diseases, tuberculosis, asthma, cardiovascular disease, eye problems, lung cancer etc. 70% of the victims of indoor air pollution are children under five. Estimated 90% of the rural household of Bangladeshi are using cow dung, jute sticks, other agricultural waste and wood for cooking and most use inefficient and poorly ventilated clay stoves that produce smoke, carbon monoxide and carcinogens. It is serious health threat for women and children. Due to these reasons WAVE Foundation has been promoting improved cooking stoves (BONDHU CHULA) at rural level through partnering with PKSF since 2010.
In the context of Bangladesh, extending affordable and sustainable agro-technologies to the poor farmers can play a transformative role in converting small farming into viable businesses and thereby making a measurable change in the gross agricultural production. The advent of eco-friendly renewable solar energy is widely recognized and very relevant to Bangladesh. WAVE Foundation launches solar irrigation systems for the broad base of poor small farmers who cannot afford the conventional costly irrigation system. Renewable Energy Development Program adopts a group approach that brings small farmers under a single umbrella who attain ownership of the solar irrigation system. Unlike conventional irrigation system, solar irrigation system diminishes wastages of water and land by devising an underground water canal for water circulation. The mandatory arsenic and TDS test prior to solar irrigation system installation makes it scientifically secured both for farming and the farmers.

Empowering Youth Program

The saga of all the endeavors to establish and develop the Bangali nationhood is glorious with the supreme sacrifices of youth. The youth played a valiant role at all critical junctures in the life of the nation, e.g. the Language Movement of 1952, Six-Point Movement initiated in 1966, Mass Uprising in 1969, General Elections in 1970 leading to Non-Cooperation Movement, the great Liberation War in 1971 and Public Uprising against the Autocratic Regime in 1990. Without absolute fulfillment of the youth’s potential, it is not possible for youth to develop their lives nor for the nation to make inclusive advancement. It is imperative that the empowerment and pervasive development of the huge young population is implemented to achieve ‘equality, human dignity and social justice’ as stated in the Proclamation of Independence issued on 10 April 1971, to make sure that ‘we may flourish as a sovereign nation’ as enshrined in the Preamble of Bangladesh Constitution in order to execute the fundamental principles of State Policy as stipulated in Articles 14, 17, 19, 20 and 21. Youth constitute one-third of Bangladesh’s population and this demographic structure has poised her for ‘Demographic Dividend’. Our young people outnumber the old, and hence, we have more people who can work than those who are not. Reaping the demographic dividend is inextricably linked to the development and empowerment of young men and women. If appropriate policies are not formulated, the demographic dividend might, in fact, be a cost, leading to unemployment and an unbearable strain on education, health, and old age security. Our existing education system has proved itself incompatible to meet the demand of job market giving rise to huge number of unemployed youths which is demotivating and frustrating a large portion of the educated youths. Therefore, a practical and futuristic plan needs to be deployed for the fullest development and utilization of the potentials of our youths. WAVE’s Empowering Youth Program aims at equipping youths with the required practical skills and education so that they can play their desired role in their respective socio-economic settings. We are currently implementing four projects under this program as follow;
The saga of all the endeavors to establish and develop the Bangali nationhood is glorious with the supreme sacrifices of youth. The youth played a valiant role at all critical junctures in the life of the nation, e.g. the Language Movement of 1952, Six-Point Movement initiated in 1966, Mass Uprising in 1969, General Elections in 1970 leading to Non-Cooperation Movement, the great Liberation War in 1971 and Public Uprising against the Autocratic Regime in 1990. Without absolute fulfillment of the youth’s potential, it is not possible for youth to develop their lives nor for the nation to make inclusive advancement. It is imperative that the empowerment and pervasive development of the huge young population is implemented to achieve ‘equality, human dignity and social justice’ as stated in the Proclamation of Independence issued on 10 April 1971, to make sure that ‘we may flourish as a sovereign nation’ as enshrined in the Preamble of Bangladesh Constitution in order to execute the fundamental principles of State Policy as stipulated in Articles 14, 17, 19, 20 and 21. Youth constitute one-third of Bangladesh’s population and this demographic structure has poised her for ‘Demographic Dividend’. Our young people outnumber the old, and hence, we have more people who can work than those who are not. Reaping the demographic dividend is inextricably linked to the development and empowerment of young men and women. If appropriate policies are not formulated, the demographic dividend might, in fact, be a cost, leading to unemployment and an unbearable strain on education, health, and old age security. Our existing education system has proved itself incompatible to meet the demand of job market giving rise to huge number of unemployed youths which is demotivating and frustrating a large portion of the educated youths. Therefore, a practical and futuristic plan needs to be deployed for the fullest development and utilization of the potentials of our youths. WAVE’s Empowering Youth Program aims at equipping youths with the required practical skills and education so that they can play their desired role in their respective socio-economic settings. We are currently implementing four projects under this program as follow;
The project aims to empower young women of Bangladesh by increasing trust between citizens, state and non-state actors and creating a more inclusive society by promoting gender equality as well as social cohesion resulting in more resilient and peaceful communities. The project interventions focus on young women demonstrating knowledge of leadership and gender issues and acting as gender equality champions. It is promoting them to obtain English proficiency, digital and 21st-century skills, and to shape their lives with more informed and independent career choices to contribute to the family and society. The project activities cover 2 numbers of young women’s clubs formation, cascading leadership and English & digital skills training programs by the trained peer leaders, design and implement Social Action Project (SAP), organize learning/sharing meeting at the community level. By the supported of British Council Bangladesh, this project is implemented in Dhaka city together with young women from Bangladesh Home Economics College and Mohammadpur area.
Youths are the driving force for positive social change. Youths have ample opportunity to reap out the positive in this era of unprecedented connectivity and technological advancement. However, right motivation and skill are key determining factors in this regard. Youth ENRICH Action Project intends to motivate and equip youths with awareness and skill to undertake social action project addressing the pressing social issues. Under this project, 63 Ward Youth Committees & 07 Union Youth Committees have been formed in 5 Unions of Jibonnagar Upazila and 1 Union of Damurhuda Upazilla in Chuadanga District and 1 Union of Singair Upazilla in Manikgonj District. These Committees are jointly taking social action projects for the benefit of youth community as well as the people of the target areas.
The main objective of the project is for developing human resources in line with the market needs through skill development training and at the end of the training ensuring more productive wage-based employment and self-employment, the family and the trainee’s human dignity establishment by increasing financial capacity so that they are able to sustainably improve their quality of life. For achieving the project goal & objectives, the project organizes and facilitate 3 months residential Competency Based Training-CBT and job placement (wage-based /self-employment) for the certified participants. WAVE implements the project through its two-trade training center in Darsana, Chuadanga and Rajshahi with its own fund and support of PKSF.
The overall aim of the project is poverty reduction, youth empowerment and gender equality for young women and men living in rural climate-change affected areas. A total of 16,750 young men and women of age 15-29 would experience an improvement in their economic prospects in life through project’s various interventions. The project is being implemented in Bakerganj upazila of Barisal district with the support from Oxfam.

Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction Program

Every year, disasters related to meteorological, hydrological and climate hazards cause significant loss of life, and set back economic and social development by years, if not decades. From 1970 to 2012, 8,835 weather, climate and water-related disasters were reported globally. Together they caused the loss of 1.94 million lives and economic damages of US$ 2.4 trillion. The worst ten reported disasters in terms of human lives lost represented only 0.1 per cent of the total number of events but accounted for 69 per cent of the total lives lost (1.34 million). The ten most costly disasters accounted for 19 per cent of overall economic losses (US$ 443.6 billion). Storms, droughts, floods and extreme temperatures all figure on both lists of the worst disasters. Bangladesh is one of the worst victims of global climate change and its consequences. Therefore, enhancing the resilience of its people particularly people living in coastal belt and other geographic pocket most susceptible to climate change hazard is at heart of GO-NGO development initiatives. Disaster Risk Reduction program is aimed at making the target people climate resilient through imparting them with climate adaptive life skills and knowledge.
GIZ has taken the initiative of Goat Raring for urban climate migrants and vulnerable Citizens to improve their resilient livelihood. The project’s goal is to improve the living conditions of climate migrants. Furthermore, empowering the vulnerable communities through expecting 70% women of the target group will be involved in the process. From this perspective, poverty reduction practices in Khulna city to improve the living conditions of climate migrants and vulnerable residents of the “hotspots” are developed by representatives of civil society organizations. In addition, the program is also drawing some probable Risk Factors and Overcoming Strategies about extreme climate incidents. It is strengthening household capacities to deal with climate-related risk alongside to ensure the relationship with market actors. The project is being implemented in Khulna city corporation for One and half years (18 Months), started from November 2018 to April 2020

Women Rights and Gender Equality Program

Whilst poverty rates in Bangladesh have decreased in overall terms in recent years, vulnerability to poverty continues to have concrete gender dimensions. Significant disparities in employment and wage rates persist which, combined with considerable gaps in asset ownership, seriously limit women’s economic opportunities. Negative consequences of climate change have added new dimensions to the vulnerability of poor and extreme poor women. Gender-based capability poverty continues to be a key issue in the health and education sectors despite significant improvements in recent years and is reflected in poor nutrition, maternal morality and child mortality indicators – as well as gaps in primary and secondary enrolment versus completion rates, low achievement levels and high levels of adult female illiteracy. Whilst quota-based efforts have been made to increase the number of women in the public sector, there are still few women in decision-making positions and even fewer in positions of political leadership. Gender-based violence is also increasingly understood to be serious and growing problem in Bangladesh and female poverty and its specific vulnerabilities is also reflected in the sizable numbers of women and children trafficked each year to neighboring countries and beyond.
On the other hand, despite significant progress in many social indicators, child situation in Bangladesh is not satisfactory. According to UNICEF, around 58 per cent of all children are severely deprived of any one of the six deprivation indicators: shelter, sanitation, water, information, education and health. Although child mortality rate has come down significantly to 46 per thousand live births, 36 percent of children under 5 are considered to be short for their age or stunted, while 12 percent are severely stunted. On the other hand, reproductive health is not accessible to all adolescents, resulting in the world’s highest rates of adolescent motherhood, based on the proportion of women younger than 20 giving birth every year. The discrimination issues also prevail regarding health care among the poor children in rural areas and urban slum settlements. Moreover, the investment in children, especially regarding health, education, and social protection, continues to be too low to ensure the full exercise of all the rights by all children. Women & Children Rights and Gender Equality Program intends to promote the rights of women & children and gender equality through sensitization and creating access to service and inputs required to enhance their resilience.
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