Renewable Energy Program
In the era of climate change and rapid environmental degradation, renewable energy in Bangladesh is reverbed for its ability to reduce the annual growth rate of GHG emissions from the fossil fuel-based power generation by exploiting Bangladesh’s renewable energy resources for electricity generation. Renewable energy in Bangladesh refers to the use of renewable energy to generate electricity in Bangladesh. The current renewable energy comes from biogas that is originated from biomass, hydro power, solar and wind. Bangladesh has a success story in developing off-grid rooftop solar power known as solar home system (SHS) which has given electricity to a large number of people living in rather remote off-grid areas and who would not have electricity otherwise. More than four million SHS installed domestically have uplifted the lifestyle of these impoverished people by providing small-scale power at their homes. But in the context of national power demand and generation, the contribution of SMS is tiny, a mere 250 megawatt, which is only two percent of the total power generation capacity in the country. In fact, in the solar industry worldwide, large-scale solar power generation essentially means on-grid solar (grid-connected). According to the government plan, renewable sources should provide about 10 percent of the total power generation capacity by 2021, meaning 2400MW power generation from renewable sources. Development Organizations along with private sector is playing the complementary role in the development of this sustainable and pro-people source of energy. WAVE’s Renewable Energy Program constitutes of the following components: Solar Irrigation Systems, Solar Home systems, Biogas & Bio Fertilizer, Improve Cooking Stove and others.
The overall objective of the project is to develop and disseminate domestic biogas in rural areas with the ultimate goal to establish a sustainable and commercial biogas sector in Bangladesh. It aims to reduction of workload of women, improvement in health and sanitation condition, increase agriculture production with proper utilization of slurry, employment generation, saving of conventional fuel sources such as firewood, agriculture residues and dries dung cake and reduction in green-house gas emission. IDCOL supports the project implementation in Chuadanga district.
Now-a-days electricity is the right of the people. Our state is committed to provide electricity for all people and in every home. For promoting the green economy and natural conservation, WAVE is promoting solar power program emphasizing the people who are living in off grid area of the country. Major program interventions are Solar Home System (SHS), irrigation and small industry. WAVE Foundation implements the project through partnering with IDCOL.
The World Health Organization has estimated that 46,000 women and children die each year in Bangladesh as a direct result of exposure to indoor air pollution, while millions more suffer from respiratory diseases, tuberculosis, asthma, cardiovascular disease, eye problems, lung cancer etc. 70% of the victims of indoor air pollution are children under five. Estimated 90% of the rural household of Bangladeshi are using cow dung, jute sticks, other agricultural waste and wood for cooking and most use inefficient and poorly ventilated clay stoves that produce smoke, carbon monoxide and carcinogens. It is serious health threat for women and children. Due to these reasons WAVE Foundation has been promoting improved cooking stoves (BONDHU CHULA) at rural level through partnering with PKSF since 2010.
In the context of Bangladesh, extending affordable and sustainable agro-technologies to the poor farmers can play a transformative role in converting small farming into viable businesses and thereby making a measurable change in the gross agricultural production. The advent of eco-friendly renewable solar energy is widely recognized and very relevant to Bangladesh. WAVE Foundation launches solar irrigation systems for the broad base of poor small farmers who cannot afford the conventional costly irrigation system. Renewable Energy Development Program adopts a group approach that brings small farmers under a single umbrella who attain ownership of the solar irrigation system. Unlike conventional irrigation system, solar irrigation system diminishes wastages of water and land by devising an underground water canal for water circulation. The mandatory arsenic and TDS test prior to solar irrigation system installation makes it scientifically secured both for farming and the farmers.