AGRO BIODIVERSITY & VALUE CHAIN PROGRAM

The relevance of agro biodiversity for Bangladesh is not just as an issue rather preservation and development of its rich agro-biodiversity heritage holds the future of broader agriculture sector in the age of climate change, rapid corporatization and disappearance of indigenous agro practices. It greatly influences the agriculture, livestock and aquaculture production which contributes significantly in income generation as well as ensure household food & nutrition security. Furthermore, digitalization holds considerable potential to transform this sector and can be a game changer for smallholder farmers. WAVE has taken several initiatives to leverage ICT tool for empowering the rural smallholder farmers and capacitate them to effectively use ICT based App & solutions which play a key role in enhancing farmer’s access to real-time information regarding risk management such as pest & disease management, weather based risk management, harvesting and post-harvest assistance through E-Agro Advisory Tool, online monitoring tool etc. Alongside preservation of agro-biodiversity, other priorities to make this sector sustainable are; facilitating farmer’s access to required capital, input & technologies, transforming the conventional manual agro sector into eco-sensitive mechanized practices, conserving pure breed within livestock species and identifying the specific genes responsible for valuable traits, developing high value local variety mixed fish culture technology for conservation and sustainable use of aquatic biodiversity and establishing market linkage for the assured sales of agro, livestock and aquatic products. Within the framework of broader agriculture sector, our livelihood interventions concentrate on 3 major components: Agriculture, Livestock and Aquaculture. WAVE intends to be a change agent in this journey and has already instilled a value chain approach through establishing synergies between groups of producers, traders and service providers aimed at improving productivity, bargaining power and producing higher value. It helps to identify weak points in the chain and actions to add more value with a view to transform smallholder agriculture into sustainable, profitable and inclusive businesses. For the stated purpose, WAVE has introduced a new initiative of Farmers Producers’ Organizations-FPOs (Krishi Morcha) to organize and capacitate farmers. Alongside, skills development training of farmers, cluster based farming, development of Self-help groups and registered Cooperatives to map out income-generating opportunities within the group members who serve as important sources of support, guidance and financing including credit and loans for their members, developing Local Service Providers (LSP) to provide veterinary services, On-site technical support, vaccination & treatment support etc. are organized under Agro Biodiversity and Value Chain program. A Brief description of the projects are in the following.

Drought Tolerant Variety Rice Seeds Production, Processing and Marketing Project

Since 2015, WAVE has been implementing this project in Chuadanga District under Learning and Innovation Fund to Test New Ideas (LIFT) Project of PKSF. The aim of the project is to increase High Yield Variety (HYV) seeds availability for Aus and Aman season and to limit rice production during Boro season in drought prone areas to save valuable water and to increase grain production during rain fed season. The purpose is to ensure availability of high yielding and drought tolerant variety rice seeds (BR 26, BRRI dhan 28 and BRRI dhan 50), cultivation of the varieties and ensure capacity building of the farmers through extending technology and the rice seeds in drought prone areas for ensuring maximum production. The farmers are oriented with useful, modern and environment-friendly production technologies and market linkage is established among local farmers. WAVE implements the project in Chuadanga Sadar & Damurhuda Upazila in Chuadanga district with the support of PKSF.

Income Generation and Employment Creation for Entrepreneurs through Year-round Onion Cultivation & Marketing Project

WAVE started implementing this project under ‘Promoting Agricultural Commercialization and Enterprises (PACE) Project’ of Palli Karma-Sahayak Foundation (PKSF) from 2017 in Meherpur District. PACE covers three complementary components- financial services for micro-entrepreneurs, value chain development and technology & product adaptation aimed at increasing the income and generating employment of entrepreneurs through year-round onion cultivation in a sustainable manner. The project implemented by WAVE follows the strategy of combining financial & non-financial services and transfer of technologies to the micro-entrepreneurs involved in year-round onion cultivation and value chain development. Its specific objectives are; increasing the income of project participants of year-round onion cultivation by ensuring availability of quality seeds & saplings; reducing the post-harvest wastages & production cost through establishing cost-effective commercial storage system at the farmers’ level and creating wage-based employment through expansion of year-round onion cultivation. The project has been implemented in Mujibnagar, Meherpur sadar & Gangni Upazilla of Meherpur District and Ishwardi Upazila of Pabna District with the support of IFAD through PKSF.

Promoting Small Farming as a Viable Business through Farmers Producer Organization-FPO (Krishi Morcha)

Farmers’ Producer Organization-FPO (Krishi Morcha) model is a recognized body of smallholder farmers’ that aims to improve the standard of their living and ensure a good status of their available support, income, and profitability to promote small farming as a viable business. WAVE Foundation has been working to organize and capacitated farmers under its initiative of Farmers Producers’ Organizations-FPOs concept named Krishi Morcha, in different regions in Bangladesh. This can be a potential model to improve the livelihood of the small and marginal farmers by evolving social capital and decentralize the existing exploitation in the agricultural supply chain such as middlemen resulting improved agricultural value chain. This initiative has a significant contribution towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goal (SDGs), in particular, Goals 1, 2 and 8. As of now, the WAVE Foundation reaches 425 farmers’ doorstep with a total of 16 Krishi Morcha group in three districts of Chuadanga, Meherpur, and Manikganj. Farmers are trained and equipped with different input supplies, access to modern technologies, and a wider range of market information to sell their products at a fair price. Furthermore, they have been linked up with Government institutions for better access to government aid and support. More importantly, smallholder farmers are being capacitated providing information to the Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) and necessary action of the certification of their products. WAVE Foundation implements several projects on agriculture and livestock leveraging ICT tool for uplifting the livelihood rural farmers, safe vegetables production, Black Bengal Goat Rearing and involving Krishi Morcha groups with its own fund and funding form the Norec and PKSF.

Safe Vegetables Production and Marketing Project

WAVE has started implementing this project from 2020 in Manikganj District. The aim of the project is to increase the sustainable income of local farmers and reduce consumer health risks by ensuring safe vegetables production and marketing using various technologies throughout the year on a commercial basis. The initiative is undertaken to Create safe vegetable villages with local farmers for safe vegetables production. Use of environment friendly agricultural technology and vegetable production will promote health risks free safe vegetables throughout the year. The project interventions intend to increase the capability of targeted farmers to produce safe crops and extend agricultural technology to build reliable safe vegetables market management and ensure farmers’ access to the market.  Also public awareness will be raised on safe vegetables. The various activities under the project are- Farmers selection, formation of Farmers Producer organization and create safe vegetable production villages, Capacity Building (Training, Field Day Observation and Motivation Trips), Vegetables production using various technologies (GAP, IPM) for safe vegetables production, Distribution of agricultural inputs, Implement activities related to market linkage and development, Linkage with public-private service institutions (meetings and workshops), Ensure fund raising and financial support, Campaigning (setting up sign boards, making and distributing posters and leaflets, participating in various agricultural fairs, promotion in electronic media and maintain liaison, video documentation) and so on. The project is being implemented in Singair upazilla under Manikganj district with the support of PKSF.

Genetic Conservation of Black Bengal Goat (BBG) Pure Breed through Establishing BBG Breeding Farm at the Organizational Level

WAVE has started implementing this project from 2020 in Manikganj District. The aim of the project is to increase the sustainable income of local farmers and reduce consumer health risks by ensuring safe vegetables production and marketing using various technologies throughout the year on a commercial basis. The initiative is undertaken to Create safe vegetable villages with local farmers for safe vegetables production. Use of environment friendly agricultural technology and vegetable production will promote health risks free safe vegetables throughout the year. The project interventions intend to increase the capability of targeted farmers to produce safe crops and extend agricultural technology to build reliable safe vegetables market management and ensure farmers’ access to the market.  Also public awareness will be raised on safe vegetables. The various activities under the project are- Farmers selection, formation of Farmers Producer organization and create safe vegetable production villages, Capacity Building (Training, Field Day Observation and Motivation Trips), Vegetables production using various technologies (GAP, IPM) for safe vegetables production, Distribution of agricultural inputs, Implement activities related to market linkage and development, Linkage with public-private service institutions (meetings and workshops), Ensure fund raising and financial support, Campaigning (setting up sign boards, making and distributing posters and leaflets, participating in various agricultural fairs, promotion in electronic media and maintain liaison, video documentation) and so on. The project is being implemented in Singair upazilla under Manikganj district with the support of PKSF.

Alleviation of poverty through Up-scaling of Black Bengal Goat Rearing at Beneficiary Level

WAVE has started implementing this project from 2009 for scaling up of commercial Black Bengal Goat rearing at the beneficiary Level in Chuadanga District. Since 2012, Black Bengal Goat rearing has been incorporated with the mainstream microcredit program of WAVE and products have been designed based on the learning and insights of the project. One of the important features of this program was to develop the successful micro-credit borrowers as micro entrepreneurs in establishing small and mid-sized goat farm and to introduce the Semi Intensive Perch (Macha) Method of goat rearing and ensure timely deworming & vaccination for goat which has reduced goat mortality rate significantly from 20% to 4%. From 2019, BBG rearing beneficiary have been provided with microcredit support at Jhinaidah, Kushtia, Jashore, Rajshahi and Manikganj District.The program ensure door step veterinary services, breeding (buck) service, fodder cultivation and training of beneficiaries on scientific goat rearing management. Till now, a total number of 9,847 beneficiaries have been practicing Semi Intensive Macha Method of goat rearing; 90 Livestock Service Providers (LSP) have been involved to facilitate Residential Technical Training and build farmer’s knowledge, skills and capacity; 1,250 farmers have been cultivating fodder commercially; 54 goat rearing cluster getting access to market information, inputs, output & advisory services and 170 Black Bengal Buck Service centre have been developed.

Alleviation of Poverty through Rearing and Conservation of Local Improved and Cross-Breed Sheep and Increasing Productivity at Demonstration Farm and Household Level Project in Meherpur District-1 and Patuakhali District-2

WAVE has started implementing this project from 2015 in Meherpur district. The aim of the project is to ensure food security of the poor and the hardcore poor through self-employment. Objectives of the project are to conduct necessary adaptive research to make the sheep rearing profitable at demonstration farm and household level; to conserve the genetic purity of Local Improved and cross-breed Sheep; to help for developing the successful micro-credit borrowers as micro entrepreneurs in establishing small and medium-sized sheep farms and to make the self-sufficient breeding farm at organizational level for providing training and technical assistance to the poor & the hardcore poor on a sustainable basis. WAVE implements the project in Pirojpur Union (Baradi Unit) of Meherpur Sadar Upazila in Meherpur district. So far, a total number of 1297 beneficiaries have been rearing sheep and 16 sheep rearing cluster have been developed. WAVE has started implementing this project with the same goal and objectives in Patuakhali District from 2017.

Economic Enhancement through Strengthening Beef and Goat Market System -EESBGMS Phase-1 and 2

Since 2018, WAVE has been implementing this project in Rajshahi District. The overall goal of the project is to achieve living income of marginalized and smallholder farmers through developing beef and goat market system and creating self-propelled and sustainable producer’s organizations’. The total number of target beneficiaries of the project are 9,000. The activities are targeted to achieve Market oriented production, to build resilient communities to combat climate change effects, access to nutritious food & improved sanitation and increased consumption of meat in the project locations. Importance has also been given to create and strengthen self-help group, cooperatives & social capital, ensure access to finance and other necessary services, status and condition, ensure necessary treatment & input services for livestock through Local Service Providers (LSP), develop strong linkage development between Cooperative and other different private & Government sectors, ensure Business Development Service (BDS) for value chain actors through creating a one stop HUB and facilitate entrepreneurship within the producers’ organizations for accelerating agro-enterprises by the end of project cycle. WAVE has developed 8 farmer-owned cooperatives and 180 self-help groups through this project. The cooperatives are able to take on the marketing of their produce establishing direct connections with the market. By successfully cutting out the middlemen who used to dictate prices and take a substantial cut of the profits, they are ensuring that more money gets back to the farmers, increasing their incomes. From April 2018, the project (Phase-01) has been implemented at Godagari Upazilla and from June 2020 this project (Phase-02) has been implemented at Banashar Upazilla in Rajshahi district with the financial assistance of Heifer International Bangladesh.

Sustainable Income Generating Program for Entrepreneurs through Dumba Rearing Project

WAVE has been implementing this project in Chuadanga District from 2019.The aim of the project is to ensure food security of the poor and the hardcore poor through self-employment. Objectives of the project are to conduct necessary adaptive research to make the Dumba rearing profitable at household and family farm level and to help the micro-credit borrowers in establishing small and medium-sized dumba farms. WAVE has established a self-sufficient Dumba breeding farm at the organizational level for providing training and technical assistance to the farmers on a sustainable basis. WAVE Foundation implements the project in Damurhuda Upazilla (Koshaghata Unit) in Chuadanga district with the support of PKSF.

Poverty Alleviation and Ensuring Nutrition Security through Meat Productive Broiler Type Pekin Duck Expansion Project

WAVE has started establishing pekin duck farm and conducting other preparatory works for implementing this project in Chuadanga District from July, 2020. The aim of the project is to ensure nutritional security and poverty alleviation from the project area. The main purpose of the project to promote availability of Meat Productive Broiler Type Pekin Duck species and extension of scientific technology method of Pekin Duck rearing among the small and medium family poultry Farmer. The main activities are divided into technical support, Specialized Flexible Loan and value chain development to upgrade the living standard of the targeted families through increasing their income and adaptation of the new species of duck. WAVE Foundation implements the project in Damurhuda Upazilla (Koshaghata Unit) in Chuadanga district with the support of PKSF.

Nutritional security and poverty alleviation through rearing of climate tolerant color broiler chicken at family, commercial and parent stock farms project

WAVE has started establishing color broiler chicken farm and executing other preparatory works for implementing this project in Chuadanga District from July, 2020. The aim of the project is to ensure nutritional security and poverty alleviation from the project area. The main purpose of the project to promote availability of climate tolerant color broiler chicken species and extension of the scientific technology method of color broiler chicken rearing among the small and medium family poultry Farmer. The main activities are divided into technical support, Specialized Flexible Loan and value chain development to upgrade the living standard of the targeted families through increasing their income and adaptation of the new species of hen. WAVE Foundation implements the project in Damurhuda Upazilla (Koshaghata Unit) in Chuadanga district with the support of PKSF.

High Value Local Varity Mixed Fish Culture Project

WAVE has been implementing this project in Chuadanga District from June, 2018. The aim of the project is to promote availability of indigenous and high value fish species of Bangladesh like: mola, native singh-magur, pabda-gulsha etc. as well as some extinct fish species like: Aire, Shoal, Gojar, Taki, Black Carp etc. The focus of this project is also to extend and develop sustainable fish culture technology in the rural area for generating additional employment opportunities in fisheries and ancillary sectors to alleviate poverty as well as improvement of farmer’s socio-economic conditions. The project has helped to create strong linkage among WAVE, GoB Fisheries Department at Upazilla & District level and local fish farmers. During the project period, demonstrations plot of indigenous and threatened fish species has been established at field level and soft loan has been provided among farmers for commercialization of different fish species. WAVE implements this project in three unions of Alamdanga Upazilla in Chuadanga district under LIFT Program supported by PKSF.

Fish Hatchery

In 2019, a fish hatchery has been developed at the organization level, in Chuadanga District to preserve the indigenous fish species to fish variety as well as disseminate the valuable indigenous fish species in the beneficiary level. The hatchery aims to improve the quality and yield of farmed species, to restore aquaculture and provide training and technical assistance to the farmers on fish production technologies. It is expected that it will be helpful to meet the local protein demand as well as making contribution to all over economy of the country.

Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries Unit

WAVE Foundation has been implementing diversified agriculture, livestock and fisheries activities under this unit with the effective partnership of PKSF. This unit aims to promote and extend new sustainable, innovative and environment-friendly technology (agriculture, livestock and fisheries) and provide extension services along with capacity building support to the door-steps of farmers. This Unit enables the farmers to gain access to resources, market information & advisory services necessary for boosting farming production, ensure household food and nutrition securities and generate employment in rural areas.

Technological Expansion under Agriculture Unit:

Cluster-based farming and demonstrations on profitable crop technologies; Enhancing knowledge, skills and awareness of farmers through orientation, training, exposure visit, field day observation etc.; Operating ‘Agriculture Counselling Centre’ for instant solution of field-level crop-related problems; Good Agriculture Practices (GAP) and Integrated Pest Management (IPM) at the field level for better crop production; Climate-smart cropping; Tricho-compost based compost fertilizer production; Pheromone trap for pesticide free crop production; High yield plants of different variety of vegetables production with the coco-dust method.

Technological Expansion under Livestock Unit:

Semi Intensive Perch (Macha) Method for Black Bengal Goat and Sheep Rearing; Intensive dairying, Beef Fattening technology; Provide orientation, training on good housing practices, effective feeding system, ensuring animal comfort, preventive veterinary care, timely breeding and environment-friendly waste management (Vermin Compost); Development of LSP (Local Livestock Service Providers, Mentoring by technical stuff to carry out various services such as vaccination, deworming, castration, hydroponic fodder production, supplementary feeding, treatment of external wounds.

Technological Expansion under Fisheries Unit:

Fish production technologies such as carp-mola mixed culture, carp fattening, high value fishes like native shing, tengra, pabda, gulsa and baim fish culture; Fish culture in cages; Vegetable cultivation on pond embankment/dike; Ornamental fish culture; Fish culture in tank using Recirculation aquaculture systems (RAS) technique; Enhancing knowledge, skills and awareness of farmers through orientation, training, exposure visit, field day observation etc.; Good Aquaculture Practices (GAP) to ensure sustainable commercial fish production in a cost effective manner.

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